Hardwood Flooring Types

Hardwood Species and Finishes

When it comes to solid wood flooring, you have to consider three things when choosing from different hardwood flooring types:

The wood species (grain, colour etc.)

The hardness of the wood

The finish of the wood


1. The Wood Species

It all depends what type of look you are going for and the budget you have to work with when choosing the species of your hardwood floor. For example, a dark wood is used more in formal settings, whereas a light wood is used for more casual settings. At the end of the day, it all depends on your preferences; there is no right or wrong answer when it comes to which wood looks better where.

There is a huge range of species of wood to choose from, we have listed some popular ones below , but keep in mind you are not restricted to these:

Red Oak, White Oak, Birch, Beech, Maple, Cherry, Ash, Walnut and Brazilian Cherry


2. The hardness of the wood

All the different species of woods have different hardness’s. Below there is a chart called the Janka Rating System. This chart rates the hardness of different wood species. They measure this by calculating the force required to drive a .444 inch steel ball into the wood, so that half the diameter of the ball is embedded. The higher the number, the harder the wood.

Hardwoord Flooring Types


3. The finish of the wood

The finish refers to the top layer of your hardwood floor. The finish is what gives the floor the final colour and sheen. It also protects the hardwood from every day wear and tear and protects against scratches and dents. The finish is what gives your floor a light or dark finish and it can either be finished in a high gloss or satin finish. Most prefinished floors are offered in many types of stain colour and gloss finishes.

Rocha Flooring, Inc. is your reliable partner in hardwood flooring projects. We are a trusted source of top-rated solid wood in Ontario. We give you access to different hardwood flooring types, and extend our professional services to help you make the right decision. Our highly skilled staff will assist you in every stage of the process.

Let the true experts handle your flooring project. Call us today for inquiries and we’d be happy to assist you.